acm - an acm publication

2005 - November

  • Artificial and Biological Intelligence
    Subhash Kak of Louisiana State University says that "humans will eventually create silicon machines with minds that will slowly spread all over the world, and the entire universe will eventually become a conscious machine."
  • Computers and the embodied nature of communication: Merleau-Ponty's new ontology of embodiment
    The world is... the natural setting of, and field for, all my thoughts and all my explicit perceptions. Truth does not "inhabit" only "the inner man," or more accurately, there is no inner man, man is in the world, and only in the world does he know himself. Maurice Merleau-Ponty: Phenomenology of Perception, Preface (1945)For the modern Man it is not so important to feel the Desire (Lust) or Listlessness (Unlust), but to animate themselves; Für den modernen Menschen ist es nicht mehr wichtig, Lust oder Unlust zu empfinden, sondern angeregt zu werden (Friedrich Nietszche, S. 108, Vom Übermenschen zu überreizten Menschen, "Paul Virilio, Die Eroberung des Körpers, Hanser Verlag, 1994)
  • An Interview with Scott McKinley: Project-Based Learning: The Neumont University story
    Neumont University co-founder and CEO Scott McKinley says the most innovative aspect of the Neumont curriculum is its focus on student projects: "Our freshmen are on project teams from the very beginning. Their first projects are simple, heavily scaffolded, and commensurate with their novice skills. By the time they enter their last three quarters, they're working on real industry projects for serious names that work with us, including IBM and Microsoft."
  • Software-Based Fault Tolerant Computing
    This paper describes how to design a software-based fault tolerant application using microprocessor (MP), in order to tolerate the burst errors in memory. This approach may be called a single -- version scheme (SVS). The SVS relies on a single version application program which is enhanced with self-checking code redundancy to tolerate memory burst errors that are difficult to correct during the run-time of an application. Conventionally, the other software based approaches can detect a few bit errors (in memory) only towards fail-stop kind of fault tolerance against transient bit errors. Reed Solomon codes are mainly effective for burst errors in coding of audio Compact Disks at offline only. The proposed online technique does not need multiple versions of software and multiple machines. This approach employs only two copies of the application software running on one machine only. Two copies of the enhanced version version of an application are used here for online error detection and tolerance thereof as well. This is an effective low-cost online tool for hardening a microprocessor-based industrial computing system or for on-chip DRAM applications using an affordable code and time redundancy against the burst errors in processor memory. The SVS aims to provide a non-fail-stop kind of fault tolerance against burst errors. This approach supplements the Error Correcting Codes (ECC) in memory system also, against both the transient and permanent bit errors in memory.
  • A novel 3-tier XML schematic approach for web page translation
    The proposed 3-Tier XML schematic approach is to demonstrate how to embed syntactic, semantic and computational linguistic metadata information in the structure of an XML document and how the various markups help in Internationalization and Localization processes toward faster and more meaningful machine translation of Web contents from one human language to another human language. In this approach, an XML content author needs to embed a source human language specific metadata information in an XML document. Various markups used in this novel 3-Tier XML Schematic approach are very useful for the machine translation of a web content. This is a significant step forward toward better internationalization and localization of web pages as well.
  • Mailbag
    In his article 'Artificial and Biological Intelligence,' Subhash Kak of Louisiana State University asks if 'humans will eventually create silicon machines with minds that will slowly spread all over the world, and the entire universe will eventually become a conscious machine?' These are some comments on his paper.